7 commands to train a dog from beginning you should know: Sit, come, down, stay, no, stand.
Since teaching your dog to sit is one of the most fundamental dog commands, it’s a great one to start with. A dog that has been taught the “Sit” command will be much calmer and easier to control than a dog who has not been taught this straightforward command. The “Sit” command also helps your dog learn more difficult commands like “Stay” and “Come”.
To teach your dog to “Sit,” follow these instructions.
Put a treat right in front of your dog’s nose.
His head will follow the treat as you raise your hand, which will make him lower his bottom.
Upon getting him to sit, say “Sit,” give him the treat, and show him some love.
Up until your dog masters it, practice this sequence a few times each day. Then, when you want your dog to be calm and seated before meals, when you’re leaving for walks, and in other circumstances, command him to sit.
To call your dog back to you and keep him out of mischief.
Start this command by giving your dog a collar and leash. Say “come” while gently pulling your dog’s leash in your direction from a distance. Give your dog a treat, some praise, or some affection as soon as they manage to approach you. Repeat this exercise until your dog has learned it correctly.
Down or lie down
To calm down a hyperactive dog and address some behavioral problems in dogs.
Because it calls for your dog to be passive, this activity can be a little difficult. Giving your dog a treat will help you carry out this command. Move the treat slowly toward your dog’s nose and face while holding it in your closed fist. As you move your hand gradually toward the ground, let your dog sniff the item before letting them follow. When your dog starts to lie down, keep moving your hand along the floor. The ideal time to issue the “down” command is when they are already down. Give your dog a treat or give them praise for good behavior. They should practice this exercise until they are proficient.
To keep your dog under control and to calm them down.
These two commands, sit and stay, are combined in this activity. Your dog should first be taught to sit. Give your dog a treat to start off this exercise. Your dog will move their head and follow your hand’s motion if you hold the treat closer to their nose and then gradually raise your hand. Give the dog the “sit” command when they are sitting naturally. Repeat this exercise with your dog, giving him treats or praise each time they succeed.
Teach the “stay” command to your dog once they have mastered the “sit” command. Give the command “stay” to your dog when he or she is lying down naturally. As you gradually distance yourself from your dog to continue the exercise, command “stay” to him. By performing well, reward your dog with a treat or some praise. Repetition is necessary until they master the exercise.
To position the dog conveniently in situations where standing is required, like when brushing it or having a vet check it out.
Start by issuing the command “sit”. Your dog’s nose should be faced forward and down as you move the treat in your hand in that direction. Move your hand forward while still holding the treat, in the same direction, until your dog stands up. Give your dog a treat or praise after telling them to “stand”.
No or leave it
When your dog’s curiosity gets the better of him, such as when he smells something intriguing but potentially dangerous on the ground, this last command can help keep him safe. The idea is to show your dog that if he ignores the other item, he will receive something even better.
Put a treat in each of your hands.
Give him a treat-filled enclosed fist and instruct him to “Leave it”.
Ignore the actions he takes to get the treat, including licking, sniffing, mouthing, pawing, and barking.
Give him the treat from the other hand as soon as he gives up trying.
Until your dog moves away from the first fist when you say, “No” or “Leave it” repeat the exercise.
Then, only reward your dog when he looks up at you and moves away from the initial fist.
You’re ready to step things up once your dog consistently backs away from the first treat and makes eye contact with you when you give the command. Use two different treats for this next training technique: one that is tasty and good-smelling but not overly appealing, and the other that is especially tasty and appealing to your dog.